In his video lesson entitled “Visualizing Taylor polynomial approximations“, Sal Kahn essentially replicates the tail end of last Thursday’s Finance 4335 class meeting in which we approximated *y = **e*ˣ with a Taylor polynomial centered at *x*=0. Sal approximates *y = **e*ˣ with a Taylor polynomial centered at *x*=3 instead of *x*=0, but the same insight obtains in both cases, which is that one can approximate functions using Taylor polynomials, and the accuracy of the approximation increases as the order of the polynomial increases (see pp. 18-23 in my Mathematics Tutorial lecture note if you wish to review what we did during the tail end of last Thursday’s class meeting).

# Category Archives: Math and Statistics

# Rules for calculating (math) derivatives

# Lagrangian Multipliers

There is a section in the assigned “Optimization” reading due Thursday, January 16 on pp. 74-76 entitled “Lagrangian Multipliers” which (as noted in footnote 9 of that reading) may be skipped without loss of continuity. The primary purpose of this chapter is to re-acquaint students with basic calculus and how to use the calculus to solve so-called optimization problems. Since the course only requires solving unconstrained optimization problems, there’s no need for Lagrangian multipliers.

Besides reading the articles entitled “Optimization” and “How long does it take to double (triple/quadruple/n-tuple) your money?” in preparation for this coming Thursday’s meeting of Finance 4335, make sure you have completed the student information survey, subscribed to the *Wall Street Journal*, and subscribed to the course blog (if you haven’t already done so).

# The 17 equations that changed the course of history (spoiler alert: we use 3 of these equations in Finance 4335!)

Equations (2), (3), and (7) play particularly important roles in Finance 4335!

From Ian Stewart’s book, these 17 math equations changed the course of human history.

# Calculus and Probability & Statistics recommendations…

Since many of the topics covered in Finance 4335 require a basic knowledge and comfort level with algebra, differential calculus, and probability & statistics, the second class meeting during the Spring 2020 semester will include a mathematics tutorial, and the third and fourth class meetings will cover probability & statistics. I know of no better online resource for brushing up on (or learning for the first time) these topics than the Khan Academy.

So here are my suggestions for Khan Academy videos which cover these topics (unless otherwise noted, all sections included in the links which follow are recommended):

- Algebra: Intro to the Binomial Theorem, Pascal’s Triangle and Binomial Expansion
- Calculus: Taking derivatives, Optimization with calculus, Visualizing Taylor Series for e^x
- Probability and statistics: Basic probability, Compound, independent events, Permutations, Combinations, probability using combinatorics, Random variables and probability distributions, Binomial distribution, Law of Large Numbers, and Introduction to the Normal Distribution.

Finally, if your algebra skills are generally a bit on the rusty side, I would also recommend checking out the Khan Academy’s review of algebra.